The Biodiversity Strategy sets out the long and medium term aims of the LBAP and identifies measures and actions which can deliver biodiversity gains over a longer time scale than a more traditional LBAP. The Strategy also sets the strategic policy framework for the associated, stand- alone Biodiversity Action Plan. The action plan is a compilation of projects and programmes taking place across South Lanarkshire which are contributing towards the delivery of the aims outlined in the strategy.
In order to target limited resources most effectively, the South Lanarkshire Local Biodiversity Action Plan adopts a 3 tiered structure and sets out the priorities for biodiversity conservation in South Lanarkshire for the short, medium and long term.
Tier 1 sets out the aspirational vision of the South Lanarkshire of the future. A suite of ecosystem visions also included in tier 1 and set out how each ecosystem will look in the long term future should the actions in the LBAP be successful. A series of long term aims complement these vision statements, setting out the long term priorities for biodiversity conservation across the region. These aims may take hundreds of years to complete but they are essential in setting the priorities for the future.
Tier 2 focuses upon collecting and managing data, both to assess the extent and quality of the existing resource and to monitor levels of effort being invested by all those organisations involved in biodiversity conservation. This is vital if we are to measure success and target priority areas. Tier 2 also identifies actions which are required to contribute towards meeting the long term aims of tier 1. Both tier 1 and tier 2 are set out fully in the Biodiversity Strategy.
Tier 3 is made up by the projects and programmes of the Biodiversity Action Plan. This document records current effort which contributes towards the aims and objectives set out in tier 2. All of the projects in the action plan are discrete entities, with their own aims, objectives, resources and timescales.
Four ecosystems are identified within the Biodiversity Strategy and a long-term vision for the future of each ecosystem is presented. The four ecosystems are:
Within these broad groupings, specific UK BAP priority habitats are identified as being of particular conservation concern in South Lanarkshire (see the individual ecosystem plans for further information).
These ecosystem groupings match those selected by the Scottish Biodiversity Committee as representative of the ecosystems found in Scotland and the LBAP will follow national policy when assigning habitats and species to the ecosystems. In the real world, all components of the environment interact with each other and so the plans will be crossed referenced as appropriate. For example, Blanket Bog is assigned to the Upland Ecosystem but actions from the Freshwater and Wetland Ecosystem and Woodland Ecosystem will also have an influence on Blanket Bog habitats.
Four cross-cutting themes are also highlighted. These are: