South Lanarkshire is home to a wide range of landscapes and habitats. Topography, geology and climate all help to determine the biodiversity that will be supported in any one area. The distribution of habitats and species reflects the conditions in the area, creating biodiversity "zones" across South Lanarkshire.
The main biodiversity zones closely mirror the main ecosystem types and can be roughly summarised as:
Ancient and semi-natural woodlands along river valleys and gorges.
Blanket bogs and peat soils in the gently undulating uplands.
Lowland raised bogs in the wetter parts of the agricultural lowlands.
Wetland habitats, such as reed-beds and riparian woodland, along the floodplains of the rivers.
The aquatic habitats provided by our rivers, ponds and lochs.
Upland habitats, including heathland and scrub woodlands.
Our urban areas.
For more information and to learn about the location of these zones, see the Biodiversity Zones chapter of the Biodiversity Strategy.