The Scottish lowlands encompass a range of habitats including agricultural land, orchards, grasslands, woodlands, rivers and urban areas. It is surprisingly difficult to define what is meant by "lowland", as a wide range of factors influence the charateristics of the landscape. In South Lanarkshire, we take lowland to cover those areas which are slightly warmer, drier and more fertile than the surrounding landscape. All urban areas are also considered to be of a lowland nature, regardless of altitude.
Of all of the ecosystems, lowlands contain perhaps the most diverse range of habitats. They are also amongst the most intensively managed of our ecosystems and yet they can be home to plants and animals which are under threat in the wider landscape. Previously developed sites ("brownfields"), cemeteries, roadside verges and hedgerows all provide opportunities for biodiversity to thrive, not to mention the huge significance of urban green sites such as gardens and parks.
To learn more about the lowlands of South Lanarkshire, including the services provided by the ecosystem, distribution maps, threats and the actions which the South Lanarkshire Biodiversity Partnership is taking to conserve and enhance them, please see the Lowland Ecosystem Plan.